Note: The following apache modules have been renamed by Apache.
Some Modules have been renamed and offer better support for digest authentication. For example, mod_auth is now split into mod_auth_basic and mod_authn_file; mod_auth_dbm is now called mod_authn_dbm; mod_access has been renamed mod_authz_host. There is also a new mod_authn_alias module for simplifying certain authentication configurations

Important Notes:
I use xampp for all my webhosting needs, and store it in C:xampp
Get xampp from
Make sure that directory C:xamppApachebin is specified under the System Path variable. We will use a program named htpasswd.exe, that is contained under the mentioned directory, to create a password file for the specified users.
Create the protected Directory
This section will show you how to create directory “lordmwesh” outside the Web-Server’s webroot directory “C:xampphtdocs” using the command prompt.

Open the Windows command-shell via Start » Run… cmd.exe

Change to the drive letter of your Web-Server Suite’s root directory (this is the drive you installed the Web-Server Suite under; for this example we will use drive “C:”)…

…> C:

Change to the path of your Web-Server Suite’s root directory (for this example we will use path “xampp”)…

C:…> cd xampp

Create the directory you want to restrict access to with a user/password prompt (we will create directory named “lordmwesh”)…

C:xampp> mkdir lordmwesh

Change to your newly created directory…

C:xampp> cd lordmwesh

Create user/password file
Continuing from the previous section, we are now ready to use htpasswd.exe to create a file named “.htpasswd”: this file will contain user names with their respective passwords (the passwords will be encrypted before placed under the file).

This 1st line (with switch “-c” — that will not be repeated in the following lines) will create a file named .htpasswd under the current directory (C:xampplordmwesh). The password given will be encrypted by the htpasswd.exe program (due to the “-m” switch — MD5 encryption).

User named “user1” with password “passuser1” is specified 1st…

C:xampplordmwesh> htpasswd -cmb .htpasswd user1 passuser1

Add user named “user2” with password “passuser2” to the .htpasswd file…

C:xampplordmwesh> htpasswd -mb .htpasswd user2 passuser2

Add user named “raila” with password “kibaki” to the .htpasswd file…

C:xampplordmwesh> htpasswd -mb .htpasswd raila kibaki

Configuration — httpd.conf
We can now edit Apache’s httpd.conf file to bring everything together.

Edit file C:xamppapacheconfhttpd.conf

Make sure that the following two ‘LoadModule’ lines are uncommented, by removing the beginning “#” character…
(These ‘LoadModule’ lines should already be uncommented, by default). This is for
Note that those using Apache1, and Apache2 should check for the correct Module file requred. Apache1 use Apache2 use

LoadModule access_module modules/ #Line 1 for those using Apache1
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/ #ine 1 for those using Apache2
LoadModule alias_module modules/
Uncomment the following two ‘LoadModule’ lines, by removing the beginning “#” character…
(The 1st line is required for directive ‘AuthUserFile’)
(The 2nd line is required for directive ‘Options Indexes’: to display the index of a directory)

LoadModule auth_module modules/
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/

Insert code…

Order allow,deny
Deny from all

Alias /lordmwesh “/xampp/lordmwesh”

Order allow,deny
Allow from all

Options Indexes
AuthType Basic
AuthName “Private Access”
AuthUserFile “/xampp/lordmwesh/.htpasswd”
Require valid-user

Save file and Restart Apache…
(from the command prompt type the following)

> net stop Apache
> net start Apache
Test protected Directory
Access http://localhost/lordmwesh/

Enter one of the user/password combinations…
You should now see either the directory structure, or (if you have an index.htmlphp file under the accessed directory) your index file.

To [truly] logout as the user, you must close the browser window.

Advanced Configurations and Features
You can also grant/restrict access to the user/password protected directory with IP addresses…

Replace the original “” block with this updated version…
(or simply replace the first two lines of the original block)

Order deny,allow
Deny from All

Options Indexes
AuthType Basic
AuthName “Private Access”
AuthUserFile “/xampp/lordmwesh/.htpasswd”
Require valid-user

Below the line…

Require valid-user..add the following code…

Allow from
Satisfy Any
…if you access the protected area from your local system (IP address —, there will be no need to enter a user/password combination.
(Note that you can add multiple “Allow from ip-address” statements to grant access)

…by using the following code instead…

Allow from
Satisfy All
…you will have to access the protected area from your local system (IP address — AND will need to enter a valid user/password combination.

further reading
More links

Here is a collection of useful insights of small things that make life worthwhile. Help the list grow by poping up more insights in the comments area. They will be added to the main list to create a BIBLE OF INSIGHT

1. Compliment three people every day
2. Have a dog
3. Watch a sunrise at least once a year
4. Remember other people’s birthdays
5. Give a tip whenever possible.
6. Have a firm handshake
7. Look people in the eye
8. Say ‘thank‘ you a lot
9. Learn how to play a musical instrument
10. Say please a lot
11. Sing in the shower
12. Use the good silver
13. Learn to make great chilli
14. Plant flowers and trees
15. Own a great stereo system
16. Be the first to say “Hello”
17. Live beneath your means
18. Drive inexpensive cars, but own the best house you can afford
19. Buy great books even if you never read them
20. Be forgiving of yourself and others
21. Learn three clean jokes
22. Wear polished shoes
23. Floss your teeth
24. Drinking champagne for no reason at all
25. Ask for a raise when you feel you’ve earned it
26. If in a fight, hit first and hit hard
27. Return all things you borrow
28. Teach some kind of class
29. Be a student in some kind of class
30. Never buy a house without a fireplace
31. Once in your life own a convertible, or create one.
32. Treat everyone you meet like you want to be treated

Here is a list of very cool stuff that is enjoyable to do on a computer. ou can help expand it by leaving your comments.

1. Create a new notepad file and do not rename it. Let the name remain ‘New Text Document.txt’ Open the file and write “Kibaki hid the facts” without the quotation marks. Then save the file. Who permitted Micr0$oft to get involved in politics?
2. Did you know you can erase CD-R disks and re-write data to them?